Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with illnesses of the urinary tract in both men and women (kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra). It also covers the male organs that are capable of producing children (penis, testes, scrotum, prostate, etc.). Urologic health is crucial since health disorders in these bodily parts can affect everybody. Urology is a surgical specialization. A urologist is a doctor who specializes in surgery as well as internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, and other areas of medicine. This is due to the fact that urologists deal with a wide spectrum of clinical issues.