Anesthesiology is a medical speciality that deals with all aspects of patient care before, during, and after operation. Anesthesia, intensive care medicine, critical emergency medicine, and pain medication are all included. An anesthesiologist is a doctor who specializes in anesthesia. Physician anesthesiologists assess, monitor, and supervise patient care prior to, during, and after surgery, as well as administering anesthetic, managing the Anesthesia Care Team, and assuring patient safety.